Gulliver’s Travels by Jonathan Swift
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Gulliver's Travels, first published in 1726, is a novel by Irish writer and clergyman Jonathan Swift.
The book is both a satire on human nature and a parody of the "travellers' tales" literary genre. It is widely considered Swift's magnum opus and is his most famous work, as well as one of the indisputable classics of English literature.
The story follows the adventures of Lemuel Gulliver, a ship's surgeon, who takes to the seas when his business prospects dry up. In the course of his travels, Gulliver encounters a variety of strange and fantastical creatures, including the tiny Lilliputians, the gigantic Brobdingnagians, and the Houyhnhnms, intelligent horses who rule over a race of brutish humans.
Gulliver's Travels is an indictment of human vanity, pettiness, and cruelty, as well as a celebration of reason and common sense. Swift's mastery of satire, his use of irony and absurdity, and his unsparing portrait of human folly make Gulliver's Travels one of the great works of world literature.